In the spirit of Black History Month, it is also important to learn about many African American figures that had strong influence that made up how most Americans would see the African American descendants. For today, we are going to learn the facts about Martin Luther King Jr.!
Who is Martin Luther King Jr.?
Martin Luther King Jr. was an activist of Civil Rights during the 1950s to 1960s. While the word “activist” might correlate with violent protests, the protests led by Martin Luther King Jr. back then have always been non-violent. What he fought for was the rights of all people, including the African American. His sole dream is for America to be a society that is colorblind, in which race would not impact the civil rights of a person.
Martin Luther King Jr. was jailed a few times
It might be usual for a civil rights activist to be jailed, but many people might not know the facts about Martin Luther King Jr. and his jail history. In total, the civil rights activist was jailed around 29 times. The charges were many, and one of them was on January 26, 1956 where he was arrested as a part of a campaign intimidating those who did the bus boycott. Not only was he jailed, but 4 days later, his home was bombed.
What was Martin Luther King Jr. famous for?
Among many facts about Martin Luther King Jr., maybe his “I have a dream” speech is the most popular one, and it is also one of the things that made him very famous. The speech was delivered on 28th of August 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. In his speech, not only did he call for the end of racism in the United States, he also called for economic and civil rights for all Americans. The march was a massive success, as The Civil Rights Act was passed right a year later in 1964.
Did he ever win any award?
Another well-known fact about Martin Luther King Jr., is that he actually won the Nobel Prize award for Civil Rights and Social Justice. The official Nobel Prize website wrote that he was given the award due to his struggle to declare the unlawfulness of racial discrimination in the United States starting in 1955. However, 4 years after he was awarded the Nobel Prize award, he was murdered while standing in a motel in Memphis, Tennessee. His murderer was caught later, and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
Who are his influences?
During his struggle to raise awareness of civil rights for everyone in the United States including the African American descendants, Martin Luther King Jr. was influenced by many people. However, one of his strongest influences was Mohandas Gandhi, or widely known as Mahatma Gandhi, and that is another well-known fact about Martin Luther King Jr. One of the most influential nonviolence doctrines held by Gandhi was taken from the Hindu Laws of Manu, where it commands “Let him patiently hear hard words. Let him not insult anybody. Against an angry man, let him not in return show anger. Let him bless when he is cursed.”